What is research?
Matt Might explains that research is about the creation of knowledge.
What is a researcher mindset?
The core research qualifications (by the Univ. of Lugano)
What is academia?
Phil Agre gives you insights for “Understanding the Research World” (in “Networking on the network”).
What is a academic freedom?
Academic freedom is a key concept, one can start with the Wikipedia article.
How to deep work?
Scientific research requires deep work.
How to effectively read a research paper?
How to Read an Engineering Research Paper, by William G. Griswold at UC San Diego.
How to read a research paper, by Michael Mitzenmacher at Harvard University